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(219) 250-1163
809 Wall Street, Valparaiso, IN 46383

What is gum disease?

Taking care of your mouth is essential for keeping it healthy and your smile beautiful. The American Dental Association recommends that you brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once a day. The ADA also recommends twice-yearly dental cleanings and exams. Skipping out on any part of your oral hygiene routine can quickly increase your risk of developing gum disease. If you do develop gum disease, treatment is needed right away. Drone Prosthodontics can help.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease Valparaiso, INGum disease, also called periodontal disease, occurs as a result of a bacterial infection. When plaque and bacteria build up in your mouth, the bacteria irritate the gums. This irritation triggers an inflammatory response from your immune system that causes the gums to swell. Eventually, the swollen tissue begins to pull away from your teeth, leading to the formation of periodontal pockets. Bacteria fall into these pockets and plaque begins to build on the now exposed surfaces. The bacteria continue to irritate your gums from the inside, causing the pockets to grow deeper. They also begin attacking your periodontal ligaments and your jawbone, causing these supporting structures to weaken and your teeth to become unstable. Bacteria can even enter into your bloodstream, where it can travel throughout your body, causing serious health issues.

Causes of Gum Disease

There are several issues that can lead to the development of gum disease. Common causes include
•  Poor oral hygiene practices. Poor oral hygiene is one of the leading causes of gum disease. Neglecting to brush, flossing, or routine dental cleanings and exams, even occasionally, can significantly increase your risk.
•  Crooked or misaligned teeth. When your teeth are misaligned, they are more difficult to keep clean. Certain areas allow for plaque and bacteria to accumulate, increasing your risk.
•  Tobacco use. Cigarettes, as well as other tobacco products, contain numerous harmful chemicals that can lead to several serious issues, including gum disease. Tobacco products decrease blood flow and reduce oxygen levels in your blood, reducing the ability of your body to fight off infections.
•  Dry mouth, or xerostomia. Dry mouth is a condition in which there is insufficient saliva in your mouth, turning it into an ideal environment for bacterial growth. There are several factors that can contribute to dry mouth, including alcohol consumption, tobacco use, certain types of medications, and certain medical conditions.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

There are multiple symptoms associated with gum disease. The types of symptoms you experience depend on how advanced your condition is. Symptoms include
•  Red, swollen gums. This is the earliest symptom and indicates the first stage of gum disease, called gingivitis. In addition to redness and swelling, your gums may also bleed when you brush and floss.
•  Gum recession. This occurs when infected tissue begins to die off as periodontal pockets grow deeper. Your teeth begin to appear longer, small spaces appear between your teeth, and you may also notice tooth sensitivity as your roots become exposed.
•  Chronic bad breath, which is caused by the bacteria and food particles below the gum line that cannot be cleaned no matter how much you brush and floss.
•  Tooth instability. As the bacteria attack the supporting structures of your teeth, these structures weaken. Your teeth become loose, which can alter your bite and affect your oral health as well as the functions of your teeth.
•  Tooth loss.

How is Gum Disease Treated?

The exact treatment you receive for gum disease is dependent upon how advanced your gum disease is. Treatments include
•  Scaling and root planing, or a deep cleaning of your teeth.
•  Periodontal maintenance. This treatment involves regularly scheduled exams and cleanings to help your mouth heal.
•  Pocket reduction surgery. This surgical procedure enables us to effectively clean deep periodontal pockets, allowing your gums to begin reattaching.
•  Osseous surgery. This is a procedure that involves smoothing the bone around your teeth, eliminating hiding places for oral bacteria. Osseous surgery is often done with pocket reduction surgery when the bone has been affected by bacteria.
•  Soft tissue and bone grafting. Soft tissue grafting is done to restore a healthy, natural gum line following recession. Bone grafting is done to restore missing bone mass, giving your jaw back its strength. This procedure is often done before dental implant placement.

If you suspect that you have developed gum disease, it is essential that you get treatment right away. Call Drone Prosthodontics at (219) 250-1163 to schedule your appointment today.
Michael Drone Dentistry & Prosthodontics
809 Wall Street
Valparaiso, IN 46383
PH: (219) 250-1163
Northwest Indiana
Chicago Land

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Michael Drone Dentistry & Prosthodontics, 809 Wall Street, Valparaiso, IN, 46383 - Related Terms: Gum Disease Valparaiso IN \ Michael Drone DDS Valparaiso IN \ Dr. Michael Drone Valparaiso IN \ (219) 250-1163 \ \ 11/14/2018